The 5 Components of Physical Fitness

There are 5 components of physical fitness, and these components represent how fit the body is as a whole.

5 components of physical fitness

Some people think that being physically fit means being in good general health. Other people think it means being able to lift a certain amount of weight or being able to run a particular distance in a certain time.

There's actually no single agreed upon definition of physical fitness.

One common definition is that physical fitness is a set of attributes that people have or achieve relating to their ability to perform physical activity.

Another common definition is that physical fitness is a state of well-being with a low risk of premature health problems and energy to participate in a variety of physical activities.

Even though the definition of physical fitness can vary, there's near unanimous agreement on the 5 components of physical fitness. Here's an overview of each of the components:

1. Cardiovascular Fitness - Cardiovascular fitness (also known as cardiorespiratory fitness) is the ability of the heart, lungs and vascular system to deliver oxygen-rich blood to working muscles during sustained physical activity.

2. Muscular Strength - Muscular strength is the amount of force a muscle or muscle group can exert against a heavy resistance.

3. Muscular Endurance - Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle or muscle group to repeat a movement many times or to hold a particular position for an extended period of time.

4. Flexibility - Flexibility is the ability of a joint to move through its full range of motion, from a flexed to an extended position.

5. Body Composition - Body composition is the amount of fat in the body compared to the amount of lean mass (muscle, bones etc.).

Now that you know what the 5 components of physical fitness are, you'll be better able to develop an effective fitness program.

Visit the Health and Fitness Product Reviews page for information on some of the best resources available for getting fit and healthy.


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